What are EA and TEF?

Esophageal Atresia is a congenital birth defect where the esophagus ends in a pouch-type closure and does not connect with the stomach. Esophageal Atresia occurs in 1 in 2500 to 4500 births. It is commonly diagnosed along with a Tracheoesophageal Fistula which is a connection between the trachea and esophagus. There are multiple type of esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula however the most common is a pouch-type closure of the upper portion of the esophagus and a connection between the lower portion of the esophagus and the trachea (Labelled “A” in the diagram below). It is common for esophageal atresia to be abbreviated as EA and trachea-esophageal fistula to be abbreviated as TEF. Throughout this website these abbreviations will be utilized.

Types of EA/TEF


These two videos are great at explaining the diagnosis and treatment of esophageal atresia:

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