Torticollis is a medical condition where a child’s neck muscle is weaker, shorter or weaker and shorter on one side of the body. This muscle is used to bend the neck and turn the head towards the shoulder.
Torticollis can be caused by a child having insufficient “tummy time”, by a child staying in one position for long periods of time or by a child favouring one side of their body. It can sometimes affect children with esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula due to the lengthy time spent stationary in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).
It is important to speak with your doctor as soon as you notice your child beginning to develop torticollis. This condition can be prevented and may be remedied through physiotherapy, occupational therapy or strengthening exercises. In severe cases, a special helmet, neck brace or surgery may be necessary.
CHEO. (n.d.). Torticollis and Plagiocephaly . Retrieved from http://www.cheo.on.ca/en/torticollis
FPRMed. (n.d.). Torticollis. Retrieved from http://www.fprmed.com/Pages/Ortho/Torticollis.html